What is Rent?

Rent is the fee paid by Accounts and Programs to store their data on K2 because the blockchain cluster needs to actively maintain the data in order to process any upcoming transactions. And because of this, all K2 Accounts and Programs must keep their LAMPORT balances high enough to qualify for rent exemption and to stay on the K2 blockchain.

What is Rent Exemption?

An account or program executable with at least two years' worth of rent, is regarded as rent-exempt. Every time an account's balance is decreased, this is checked, and transactions that would bring the balance down to the required minimum will be rejected.
The runtime requires that program executable accounts be rent-exempt in order to prevent them from being deleted. This procedure is known as Garbage Collection.

How to Estimate Rent?

Rent fee can be estimated using the koii rent CLI subcommand.
Calculate rent-exempt-minimum value for a given account data field length.
-h, --help Prints help information
--lamports Display rent in lamports instead of KOII
--no-address-labels Do not use address labels in the output
--skip-seed-phrase-validation Skip validation of seed phrases. Use this if your phrase does not use the BIP39
official English word list
--use-quic Use QUIC when sending transactions.
--use-udp Use UDP when sending transactions.
-V, --version Prints version information
-v, --verbose Show additional information
--commitment <COMMITMENT_LEVEL> Return information at the selected commitment level [possible values:
processed, confirmed, finalized]
-C, --config <FILEPATH> Configuration file to use [default: ~/.config/koii/cli/config.yml]
-u, --url <URL_OR_MONIKER> URL for Koii's JSON RPC or moniker (or their first letter): [mainnet-beta,
testnet, devnet, localhost]
-k, --keypair <KEYPAIR> Filepath or URL to a keypair
--output <FORMAT> Return information in specified output format [possible values: json, json-
--ws <URL> WebSocket URL for the koii cluster
<DATA_LENGTH_OR_MONIKER> Length of data field in the account to calculate rent for, or moniker: [nonce,
stake, system, vote]
Example usage:
$ koii rent 15000
Rent per byte-year: 0.00000348 KOII
Rent per epoch: 0.000072069 KOII
Rent-exempt minimum: 0.10529088 KOII
Note: K2 is a fork of Solana and the feature of rent comes from Solana. Learn more about rent in Solana here.